The Russian Drama Theater of Uzbekistan was established in 1934. This is a place where Uzbek and Russian cultures are closely intertwined. The repertoire of the institution is designed for a different-age viewer. The average duration of the performance is about two hours. The theater room accommodates 631 people. As before, most of the performances are based on the plays of Russian and Uzbek classics, popular satirists and playwrights.
The Tashkent Russian Drama Theater opened on October 21, 1934. The founders of the theater are the first artistic director of the theater Vasily Alexandrovich Chirkin and the director of the theater Mikhail Karlovich Vulkonsky. In 1936, the theater was named after the Russian writer Maxim Gorky.
Many performances are among the significant achievements of theatrical art of the 30-50s. This is “Boris Godunov” by A. Pushkin, “Peter the First” by A. Tolstoy, “Masquerade” by M. Lermontov, “Three Sisters” by A. P. Chekhov, “Woe from Wit” by A. Griboyedov, “In a place of excitement” A O. Ostrovsky and others. The theater becomes a real center of realistic art, in which the striving for truth of life is combined with bright theatricality.
The turn in the creative activity of the theater occurred in the 50-70s. and he was determined by the new direction, the search for a modern style. Staged for the theater were the performances: “The Story of an Empty Soul” - the first incarnation of M. Gorky’s epic novel “The Life of Klim Samgin” and “The Irkutsk Story” by A. Arbuzov directed by People’s Artist of Uzbekistan A. Ginzburg; “Hamlet” by W. Shakespeare staged by A. Mikhailov, Honored Artist of Russia; “The Regiment is Coming” - the embodiment of the novel by M. Sholokhov “They Fought for the Motherland” and “The Power of Darkness” by L. Tolstoy in the direction of M. Spivak.
In 1967 the theater is awarded the title "Academic". During this period, the bright performances of V.Strizhov “The Traveler without Luggage” by J. Anuay, “The Inspector” by N. Gogol, “The Man from La Mancha” by D. Wasserman, “Tsar Fedor Ioanovich” by A. Tolstoy, who demonstrated a high professional culture of new perception in art, are staged .
Great success fell to the lot of performances of the director - People's Artist of Uzbekistan Olga Chernova. She was constantly looking for ways to the heart of a contemporary, always being sincere in her aspirations. Her performances “Crime and Punishment” by F. Dostoevsky, “A Streetcar Named Desire” based on the play by T. Williams, “Mother Field” by C. Aitmatov and many others always delighted the auditorium, and after each of her performances in the constellation of the theater a new acting star.
In 1984, Vyachaslav Gvozdkov was invited to the post of the main director of the theater, whose performances “Garden Without Land” by D. Razumovsky, “Flying over the Cuckoo's Nest” by Kesey, “Ordinary” A. Dudarev, “All Stars” and many others became a real theatrical discovery. The work of Vyacheslav Gvozdkov was highly appreciated in Uzbekistan. He was awarded the high title - Honored Artist of Uzbekistan.
The director A.Kuzin, now People's Artist of Russia, who brightly and interestingly worked, staged the performances “Before the Third Cocks” by V. Shukshin, “A Sip of Freedom” by B. Okukhava, “Do not play with the archangels” by D. Fo, “Caligula” by A. .Kamyu, "The Lion in the Winter" by Goldman and others.
In 1990 Vladimir Shapiro was appointed Artistic Director of ART of Uzbekistan. Over the years, they staged the performances of “Countess Julius” by A. Strindberg, “Everything is in the Garden” by E. Olby, “The Sacred Monsters” and “Horrible Parents” by J. Cocteau, “The Great Magic” by E. de Filippo, “For every wise man is pretty of simplicity ”and“ Mad money ”by A. Ostrovsky,“ The Marriage ”by N. Gogol,“ Zoykin's apartment ”by M. Bulgakov,“ The hostess of the hotel ”by C. Goldoni,“ Figaro-sketch ”by P. Bomarche,“ The Cherry Orchard ”and“ Uncle Vanya ”by Anton Chekhov and many others attracted and attracted the attention of the public and critics with a deep understanding of drama, originality and expressiveness of the director their decisions, scenic culture.
In October 2015, Bakhtiyar Khamidov was appointed director of the theater. The repertoire of the theater was enriched with new performances, such as “Go my creation to the people! ..” based on the work of Alisher Navoi “Hams” (authors of the performance A.Rafikov and V.Ostrovsky, director B.Hamidov), “Provincial anecdotes” A .Vampilova, “Valentine's Day” by I.Vyrypayev (directed by M. Kaminsky), “Liu” by A.P. Chekhov (directed by T.Sharafutdinov and A.Urmanov), “Revizor” (stage version by B.Khamidov based on the comedy of the same name by N.V. Gogol).
In the 83rd theatrical season were presented the premieres of the performances "Lullaby" by Tufan Minnulina (director-director People's Artist of Uzbekistan R.Hamidov), "Suicide" Nikolai Erdman (director-director of Honored Artist of Uzbekistan M.Kaminsky).
An outstanding group of actors grew up in the theater. The names of the USSR People's Artists Galina Zagursky and Mikhail Mansurov, the People's Artists of Russia Roman Tkachuk, Vladimir Recepter, Igor Ledogorov, Viktor Verzhbitsky, the People's Artists of Uzbekistan Yevgeny Yavorsky, Klavdiya Efremova, Lyudmila Gryaznova, Vladimir Rusinova, Svetlana Narba and the rest of them. Of Uzbekistan.
The GARDT of Uzbekistan played a significant role in the development of theatrical culture of Uzbekistan. Performances based on the works of Alisher Navoi, Khamza, Nazir Safarov, Abdullah Kahhar, Sarvar Azimov, Maksud Sheikhzade, Said Ahmad, Timur Zulfikarov were performed on the theater stage.
The activities of the State Academic Russian Drama Theater of Uzbekistan have for many years been an example of the creative community of two national